It is estimated that roughly 10 percent of the U.S. population struggles with one or more personality disorders. Among the many characteristics of personality disorders is the difficulty managing impulses and regulating emotions. The inability to control impulses makes people particularly vulnerable to substance misuse and addiction disorders.
Personality disorders and addiction often co-occur, which is why we offer personality disorder treatment. Although these disorders occur in approximately 10 percent of the population, they comprise between 35 and 73 percent of people with addiction disorders. Studies have linked misuse of alcohol and sedatives to borderline personality disorder; alcohol misuse is often related to antisocial personality disorder.
Types of Personality Disorders
Everyone has a personality, but not everyone has a personality disorder. Disordered personalities are viewed as subsets of typical, balanced personalities.
The most striking and defining feature of personality disorders is how they affect interpersonal relationships. Those with these disorders are likely to react to various circumstances and pressures with a distinctly inflexible pattern of behavior, emotions, and thoughts. The rigidity and inability to respond appropriately to diverse situations represent the major characteristic of this condition.
Identifying personality disorders is a nuanced and multilayered process as different disorders often co-occur. Moreover, they can also appear with other mental disorders in different categories.
We provide personality disorder treatment options based on your diagnosis and needs.
The various disorders can be grouped into three clusters based on similarities in their symptoms and characteristics.
Cluster A Personality Disorders
These personality disorders are defined by behaviors and ideas that are erratic, peculiar, and eccentric.
- Paranoid personality disorder: People with paranoid personality disorder exhibit hostile attitudes, irrational suspicion of others, thin skin, and jealousy.
- Schizoid personality disorder: People with schizoid personality disorder tend to self-isolate, exhibit minimal interest in socialization, and do not exhibit emotions.
- Schizotypal personality disorder: People with schizotypal personality disorder demonstrate eccentric traits in habits and dress, fluctuate wildly between emotional extremes, experience significant social anxiety, and have delusional thoughts.
Cluster B Personality Disorders
These disorders are marked by highly dramatic, intense, and irrational behaviors.
- Antisocial personality disorder: People with antisocial personality disorder exhibit violent and aggressive behaviors, do not have regard for the feelings of others, are impulsive, and do not feel remorse.
- Borderline personality disorder: People with borderline personality disorder experience dramatic mood fluctuations, struggle with impulse control, engage in self-harm, have trouble maintaining relationships, and have a poor perception of themselves.
- Histrionic personality disorder: People with histrionic personality disorder are often flamboyant, inappropriately seductive, and attention-seeking. They develop instant intimacy with others and constantly seek approval. They are easily manipulated and fall under the influence of others. They demonstrate excessive, dramatic emotion.
- Narcissistic personality disorder: People with narcissistic personality disorder have a grandiose view of themselves. They believe that they are inherently better than anyone else and more deserving of praise and rewards. They are highly envious and believe that others are envious of them. They exaggerate (or invent) their accomplishments.
Cluster C Personality Disorders
These disorders are characterized by overwrought, nervous, and panicky behaviors.
- Avoidant personality disorder: People with avoidant personality disorder experience significant dread of rejection, have a poor self-image, suffer symptoms of social anxiety, and actively avoid situations where they could meet new people.
- Dependent personality disorder: People with dependent personality disorder feel intense fear of being alone and having to take responsibility for themselves. They often have diminished self-esteem and low confidence. They pursue new relationships immediately after the end of the old ones. They are highly conflict-averse and struggle to voice their own opinions. They require constant reassurance.
- Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is distinct from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). People with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are preoccupied with organization and maintaining order. They cannot delegate tasks and feel compelled to take control in most circumstances. They exhibit extreme perfectionism, often failing to complete projects that don’t meet their inflexible standards. They hoard possessions even when worthless or inoperable.
It is common for people with one personality disorder to also exhibit signs and symptoms of at least one other disorder. All of the symptoms of a personality disorder do not necessarily need to be present in order for it to be diagnosed as such.
The Alpine Recovery Lodge Personality Disorder Treatment
The existence of one or more personality disorders can complicate treatment for substance misuse if the issues aren’t addressed simultaneously and intensively. At the Alpine Recovery Lodge, we offer therapeutic interventions, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and dialectical behavior therapy, designed to deliver personalized, specific treatments based upon the patient’s unique circumstances.
Call the team at the Alpine Recovery Lodge at 801-901-8757 to start your journey to recovery.